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Released: Thursday, April 18, 2019
Expires: Saturday, April 30, 2022

Dental Erosion: Definition, Causes, and Management

By Domenica Sweier, DDS, PhD

Commercial Supporter: GlaxoSmithKline

This article will discuss the characteristics of and factors contributing to dental erosion, along with management and treatment methodologies for the condition available to the dental healthcare provider. Dental erosion is a common concern, defined as the permanent loss of tooth structure related to acid exposure, either extrinsic or intrinsic, that does not involve microorganisms. Typically, erosion occurs with coexisting factors. It can be a challenge to diagnose because of similarities to other categories of tooth wear. Signs, risk indicators, and protective factors will be discussed. 


  • Identify dental erosion risk factors.

  • Recognize the relationship between dental erosion and coexisting factors.

  • Educate patients on prevention of dental erosion.​

  • Describe management of dental erosion and comorbidities.

About the Author

Domenica Sweier, DDS, PhD
Clinical Associate Professor
University of Michigan School of Dentistry,
Ann Arbor, Michigan

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