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May 26, 2017

Understanding Peri-Implant Diseases: Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment

By Stuart J. Froum, DDS; and Paul S. Rosen, DMD, MS
Supported by OsteoHealth

Peri-implant diseases (eg, periimplant mucositis and peri-implantitis) are becoming increasingly prevalent among dental implant patients. This article reviews the etiology, risk factors, prevention, and diagnosis of peri-implant diseases, as well as treatment techniques. In particular, a combination approach is described that has demonstrated predictable10-year success rates.


  • Describe the etiology and risk factors of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.

  • Discuss considerations for preventing peri-implant diseases.

  • Identify diagnostic indicators that can be reliably used for diagnosing peri-implant diseases.

  • Explain the different methods that could be used to treat peri-implant diseases.

About the Authors

Dr. Froum is a Clinical Professor and Director of Clinical Research in the Department of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry at New York College of Dentistry in New York, New York. He also has a private practice in New York, New York.

Dr. Rosen is a Clinical Associate Professor of Periodontics at the University of Maryland Dental School in Baltimore, Maryland. He also has a private practice in both Yardley, PA and in New York, New York.

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